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Do you need to prime before you paint? This is a question that I hear quite often as a professional painting contractor. There are many instances where you will need to prime a surface before you paint but priming is not always required. In this article we will look at times when using a primer is necessary not only for a nicer finish but also how using a primer can actually save you money by using less paint.
Whenever you are going to paint newly installed sheet rock, using a primer is essential. New sheet rock that has been skim coated with joint compound leaves a very absorbent surface which will need several coats of paint if you do not prime it first. If you use a good quality primer before you paint, the primer will seal the pores which will need less top coats of paint. Doing this will also leave a much nicer finish and create a stronger bond between the drywall and your paint.
Next, if you have walls that are stained with water spots, grease or other markings using an oil based primer before you paint is necessary. If you don't use a primer first before you paint over stains, the stain will bleed through your fresh paint. Additionally, smoke or cigarette stains must also be primed first. Not only will these types of stains bleed through your new paint but also the odors from smoke or cigarette stains can often be noticed if not primed first. If you have only one or two stains on your wall then you can just spot prime those stains in lieu of priming the entire room.
Also, if you are changing colors and the color that you are changing to is vastly different, then I would recommend using a primer first. Priming your walls first will again require less finish coats of paint. You can have your primer tinted to your new paint color which will also help by requiring less coats of paint.
If you have any mildew on your walls you will need to prime these areas also. But, before you prime mildew stains you must first clean the mildew stains using household bleach and water. Make a mixture of about 10 parts bleach to about 90 parts water and apply it with a rag or sponge to all areas which has visible mildew. Once the surface has thoroughly dried, you can then prime this area.
As a good rule of thumb, if you are going to paint any unpainted surface you are probably going to need to use a primer first. Any metal surface will require a primer in order to create a bond between the metal and the paint. Using a primer will also help in protecting the metal surface from corrosion and rust. Any unpainted wood will require a primer as well. If you fail to prime unpainted wood the paint will begin to peel in a short time. Priming creates a seal between the wood and the paint which enables it to bond. cci br2 primers is true for other unpainted surfaces such as brick, stone or concrete.
Primers are available in both oil based and water based. If you are going to use primer to cover any stains or unpainted surfaces, it is a good idea to always use an oil based primer.
Until recently, collecting children's school books and primers was an overlooked niche of collecting. Anyone who attended public school had one and the primers were viewed as tools of learning, rather than as a collectible, an item of special significance, or worthy of being a collectible. With advances in technology and the transmission of the written word over the internet that allows reading on a wireless device, as opposed to paper, collectors are taking a greater interest in these artifacts of the past.
A primer is a first or early reader for a child. Primers are generally lavishly illustrated because the use of pictures help children to learn to read by associating the words with pictures. The earliest primers were printed in black and white and used a delicate Nouveau style print. The stories in these early primers were primarily fables that used animals as the central characters.
The "Dick and Jane" books were popular in the 1930s through the 1970s although their popularity began to decrease in the mid 1960s. Animals continued to have a large presence in the lives of Dick and Jane through their pets, Spot, the dog and Puff, the cat. These primers were illustrated in color and were primarily produced in hardback. The primers were used on a daily basis by students over a period of years, so the condition is important to consider when adding to your collection. If you are buying your childhood memories then condition may be less of a concern to you.
The primers of the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s series had a complementary Catholic version.The primer Sally, Dick, and Jane was retitled Judy, John, and Jean named after Catholic saints. Groups of stories in each book were replaced by Catholic-oriented stories of the saints and portrayed moral choices.
Significant changes to children's' early readers were ushered in with the 1960s along with pop art illustrations and paper cutouts. The end of the "white picket" fence lifestyle of earlier years was officially replaced by stories that included diverse characters and gender-free roles. By 1970, Dick and Jane primer books were retired.
Primer Illustrators to Search
Much of the value of the early primers depends upon the illustrations. A few illustrators to search for include Maude and Miska Petersham, Frederick Richardson, Milo Winter, Herbert Paus, Charlotte Ware, and Guy Wiser Brown.
Primer Pricing Samples
Sally Dick and Jane Books from the 1960s average $38.00 to $58.00 usd, depending upon condition. Earlier versions cost upwards of $75.00 usd. A 1962 Teacher's Edition is valued around $30.00 usd.
There is renewed interest in collecting early children's readers/primers. Some collectors are looking to add to an existing collection of early and/or rare children's books, others may collect only primers with illustrations by a particular artist. Some may be seeking to recapture fond memories of school. Regardless of the purpose of your search it is always wise to purchase what you like, in the best condition that you can afford. Collections may gain in monetary value; in the meantime your collection ought to provide you with joy and a large smile.
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