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Painting and sculptures on these pilgrimage, temples and monuments have attracted a large number of visitors in the recent years in Palampur and Dharamshala. Application of injection of single dose of 2000 ppm colchicine concentration at 48 hours of pollination has given most stable results in doubling the chromosome number. The introgression of rye has directly influenced grain yield, tillers number, spikes number and harvest index. The detection of new recombinants for introgression of rye chromatin through molecular cytogenetic analysis revealed that 67 lines were carrying 1RS.1BL translocation, 21 lines with five or more pair rye chromosomes substitution, 16 lines carrying translocation along with the substitution and 12 lines with 1R(1D) substitution, while only three lines carrying rye addition and two lines carrying rye addition along with translocation. Root shoot length ratio increased significantly with substitution of more than five pair of rye chromosomes, while root shoot weight ratio increased with increase in stress level in all types of introgressions.
Under modern farming, more cultivable areas should be brought under HYV seeds and irrigation. Maize and oat didn t respond well but there can be a ray of hope for the induction of haploids in these cereals also if more refinement and manipulation is done in hybridization techniques and culture protocols. Abstract: newlineThe research endeavour entitled Imperata cylindrica- mediated induction of haploids in various cereals and enhancement of the system in wheat through colchicine manipulations was executed in the Department of Crop Improvement, CSK HPKV, Palampur during the years 2007- 08 to 2009- 10 with the mission to induce haploids in wheat and other cereals using Imperata cylindrica as a pollen source and efficiency enhancement of the chromosome elimination-mediated system of doubled haploidy breeding in wheat through various colchicine manipulations at in vivo and in vitro level. The triticale x wheat recombinants were further subjected to Imperata cylindrica mediated chromosome elimination approach of doubled haploids production.

The screening for yellow rust resistance revealed differential disease reaction, where 117 recombinants were observed from immune to resistant. The screening for drought tolerance under in vitro conditions revealed that rye introgressions have no significant effect on germination percentage. Palampur,, Himachal Pradesh, Kangra, Dharamshala, Hotels in Palampur of variance revealed significant high seed setting in dry temperate zone, Kukumseri (long photoperiods) (26.50%) than that of sub-humid mid hills, Palampur (short photoperiods) (22.46%), which indicated the influence of environment on the seed set in wide hybridization. Analysis of variance revealed significant variation among genotypes for all the yield traits. The GISH revealed genetic stability and hexalpoid level instead of octoploid in new indigenous triticales. There were 18 lines detected through GISH which had no rye chromatin. There is an attached balcony in every room giving you a whiff of fresh air in your rooms. From child care and teaching projects to community development and construction volunteer projects, there are many different options to choose from for families looking to experience volunteer abroad. There was complete loss of D genome which was substituted by R genome.

Moreover, Tyari 2 x Rye has also carried 1RS.1BL translocation along with R genome. Here, we have characterised the complete genome sequences of two isolates of Apple stem pitting virus from apple cv. It has two primary schools and one high school. • This village has two primary and one high school and also has a primary health centre run by the government and one private dispensary. SCs and STs live in one corner of the village. Lohri is one of the most beautifully celebrated festivals of Punjab and is enjoyed with singing special Lohri songs and dancing merrily to the beats of Dhol. One can have an adventurous trip while visiting these places. Dharamshala being one of the oldest hill stations is surrounded with dense pine and deodar forests. The bridge is not being used even by pedestrians as 15-ft retaining walls and approach roads are yet to be constructed. Soil fertility was hampered due to this, even use of groundwater for tube well irrigation also impacted the water-table and reduced it below the ground. Once the farm is cultivated, the produce has to be divided for personal use and for selling in the market.
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